Behind the production of every product or service there is an human mind, effort and man hours (working hours). No product or service can be produced without help of human being. Human being is the fundamental resource for making or constructing anything. Today many experts claim that machines and technology are replacing human resource and minimising their role or effort. However, indeed, machines and technology are built by the humans; they need to be operated or at least monitored by humans. Maybe because of this reason, companies have continuously been searching for talented, skilled and qualified professionals to further develop latest machines and technology, which again have to be controlled or Monitored by humans to bring out products.
Introduction To Human Resource Management
"The automation of factories has already decimated jobs in traditional manufacturing, and the rise of artificial intelligence is likely to extend this job destruction deep into the middle classes, with only the most caring, creative or supervisory roles remaining"
-British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking
It is undisputed fact that humans are being replaced by artificial intelligence which means robots. But all jobs cannot be handed over to Robots, to say in other words robots have its own limitations and all roles cannot be handled by robots.Though British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking,Cambridge professor expressed about destruction of middle-class jobs due to raise of artificial intelligence,he still felt that natural intelligence or need for application of human mind is inevitable in certain roles.
Human Resource Management is the process of recruitment and selecting employee, providing orientation and induction, training and development , assessment of employee (performance of appraisal), providing compensation and benefits, motivating, maintaining proper relations with employees and with trade unions, maintaining employees safety, welfare and healthy measures in compliance with labour laws of the land.
Employment / Labour Laws in India>>
Why name 'Human Resource Management'?
Human: refers to the skilled workforce in the organisation.
Resource: refers to limited availability or scarceness.
Management: refers how to optimize and make best use of such limited and a scarce resource so as to meet the ordination goals and objectives.
Altogether, human resource management is the process of proper and maximise utilisation of available limited skilled workforce. The core purpose of the human resource management is to make efficient use of existing human resource in the organisation. The Best example at present situation is, construction industry has been facing serious shortage of skilled workforce. It is expected to triple in the next decade from the present 30 per cent, will negatively impact the overall productivity of the sector, warn industry experts.
Every organisations' desire is to have skilled and competent people to make their organisation more effective than their competitors. humans are very important assets for the organisation rather than land and buildings, without employees ( humans ) no activity in the organisation can be done. Machines are meant to to produce more goods with good quality but they should get operated by the human only.
Great Quotations on human resource
Many great scholars had defined human resource management in different ways and with different words, but the core meaning of the human resource management deals with how to manage people or employees in the organisation.
Edwin Flippo defines- HRM as “planning, organizing, directing, controlling of procurement, development, compensation, integration , maintenance and separation of human resources to the end that individual, organizational and social objectives are achieved.”
The National Institute of Personal Management (NIPM) of India has defined human resources – personal management as “that part of management which is concerned with people at work and with their relationship within an enterprise. Its aim is to bring together and develop into an effective organization of the men and women who make up enterprise and having regard for the well – being of the individuals and of working groups, to enable them to make their best contribution to its success”.
According to Decenzo and Robbins, “HRM is concerned with the people dimension” in management. Since every organization is made up of people, acquiring their services, developing their skills, motivating them to higher levels of performance and ensuring that they continue to maintain their commitment to the organization is essential to achieve organsational objectives. This is true, regardless of the type of organization – government, business, education, health or social action”.
Origin of HRM
While Miller (1987) suggests that HRM relates to:
The studies conducted by George Elton Mayo (1880-1949), especially the Hawthorne Studies is credited as the foundation of the Human Relations Movement in management.
For any organisation to function effectively, it must have resource of men (Human Resource), money, materials and machinery. The resources by themselves cannot fulfill the objectives of an organisation, they need to be collected, co-ordinated and utilised through human resources. And, the effective management of human resources is also vital. Hence, Human Resource Management (HRM) has emerged as a major function in organisations.Human Resource Management is the organizational function that deals with issues related to people such as compensation, hiring, performance management, organization development, safety, wellness, benefits, employee motivation, communication, administration, and training.
The administrative discipline of hiring and developing employees so that they become more valuable to the organization.
Human Resource management includes:
Objectives of HRM
Societal objective.To be socially responsible to the needs and challenges of society while minimizing the negative impact of such demands upon the organization. The failure of organizations to use their resources for society's benefit may result in restrictions. For example, societies may pass laws that limit human resource decisions.
Organizational objective. To recognize that HRM exists to contribute to organizational effectiveness. HRM is not an end in itself; it is only a means to assist the organization with its primary objectives. Simply stated, the department exists to serve the rest of the organization.
Functional objective.To maintain the department's contribution at a level appropriate to the organisation's needs. Resources are wasted when HRM is more or less sophisticated than the organisation demands. A department's level of service must be appropriate for the organisation it serves.
Personal objective. To assist employees in achieving their personal goals, at least insofar as these goals enhance the individual's contribution to the organisation. Personal objectives of employees must be met if workers are to be maintained, retained and motivated. Otherwise, employee performance and satisfaction may decline, and employees may leave the organisation.
Nature of Human Resource Management
Human Resource Management involves management functions like planning, organizing, directing and controlling
Why Is Human Resource Management Important to All Managers? Why are these concepts and techniques important to all managers? ' Perhaps it's easier to answer this by listing some of the personnel mistakes you don't want to make while managing. For example, you don't want to:
Hire the wrong person for the job
Who is HR manager?
Key responsibilities of Human Resource Manager.
Human Resource Manager is one of the most important key to open a lock hanging on the door of success in an organisation. If an Human Resource Manager is efficient enough to handle and to take out best from his team members any oragnisation and can achieve more from his target goals. Human Resource manager plays an very important role in hierarchy, and also in between the higher management and low level employees. Stated below are major responsibilities of Human Resource Manager:-
The principal responsibilities of the human resources executive
Formulate and recommend human resource objectives for inclusion in the organization overall objectives.
Objectives help the people who are involved in an organization to work knowing where they want to reach. They are the goals set for people to meet and make the organization successful. Here is where the human resource executive comes in and set these objectives for the staff to follow. By doing this, they make sure people stay in line and do not get out of the line to do other things that are not beneficial to the company or organization.
Identify management problems that can be resolved and opportunities that can be realized through improved effectiveness in human resource management.
Every organization has problems that can make it fail if they are not taken care of. Problems need to be managed and resolved for maximum profits. The human resource department looks for ways to take care of these problems. After identification, they take proper steps into resolving them. An example of a problem would be way of disposing the waste that is gotten after production. They look for ways in which the waste can be disposed without interfering with the lives of those that are near the organizations
Make managers aware of their full responsibilities in the management of the human resources entrusted to them.
Managers are the people who over look different departments in an organization. Sometimes they tend to over use their power and hence they need to be given laid down responsibilities so as to have the very best results in the work place. They are an important people because they put the subordinate staff in line. The human resource department hence help the managers out in knowing what they are supposed to be involved with and how
They also provide the necessary tools, techniques, and methods which foster the development of a business climate conducive to employee innovation and development.
Every organization has specific goals to be achieved depending on what it is about. With this in mind it is important to know that the tools and techniques used are different based on what is to be achieved. For instance road sweeping company would need tools like brooms and dust pans which would not be useful in a bakery company which would mainly make use of cookers and baking equipment. The human resource department spells out the tools, techniques and methods necessary to make the employees work efficiently and feel comfortable while they are at it. It becomes easier for the employees to work where all the necessary tools are provided.
These are just some of the roles of the human resource department in an organization and through these roles; they make the work place run smoothly without any trouble.
Author Bio: More than several years Mark Long has written numerous articles on Human Resource Dubai and Road Sweeping in Dubai. Recently he is researching on human resource process in wish to
Human Resources Executive magazine is written primarily for HR vice presidents and directors. The magazine provides news, profiles, and success stories of human resource innovators. Stories cover all areas of human resource management, including personnel, benefits, training and development, HR information systems, relocation, retirement planning, workplace security and health care.
George W. Bush is the first U.S. President to hold an MBA degree. Dartmouth College established the first graduate business school in 1900 offering an advanced degree in commercial sciences, the fore bearer of the modern MBA. Today, more than 100,000 MBA degrees are awarded each year in the U.S. The estimated average cost of an MBA at an accredited institution is about $80,000.
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