Thus form the legal point of view, industrial dispute does not merely refer to difference between labour and capital as is generally thought, but it refers to differences that affect groups of workmen and employers engaged in an industry. Essentially, therefore, the differences of opinions between employers and workmen in regard to employment, non-employment, terms of employment or the conditions of labour where the contesting parties are directly and substantially interested in maintaining their respective contentious constitute the subject-matter of an industrial dispute.
The HR Employee Relations Manager directs the organization's employee relations function. They develop employee relations policies and ensure consistent application of company policies and procedures. In addition, they are responsible for employee dispute resolution procedures, performing internal audits, and taking appropriate action to correct any employee relations issues.
Causes of Industrial Disputes
Causes of industrial disputes can be broadly classified into two categories: economic and non-economic causes. The economic causes will include issues relating to compensation like wages, bonus, allowances, and conditions for work, working hours, leave and holidays without pay, unjust layoffs and retrenchments. The non economic factors will include victimization of workers, ill treatment by staff members, sympathetic strikes, political factors, indiscipline etc. (The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 governs rules for the settlement of disputes between the management of industrial establishments and workmen.)
18-july-2012, India: leading car manufacturer Maruthi Suzuki, India, Maneser (Haryana), workers created violence by burning company's general manager human resource (Awanish Kumar Dev) to death, burnt down office furniture, several executives, managers, supervisors were attacked by them and the Japanese manager of the factory was also attacked. 91 workers were arrested for this brutal act done by them and they also caused damage to the company property.
The sequence of events began in the morning with a worker beating up a supervisor on the shop floor. Workers union alleges that this incident was caused due to the supervisor made objectionable remark against a permanent worker, who belongs to the Scheduled Caste category. When we opposed it, they misbehaved with us and suspended the worker that led to violence. But the management alleges that the workers' union prevented the management from taking disciplinary action against the worker. Finally management declared to temporary close down the car Manufacturing plant produces about 1600 units per day. In terms of value the per day loss is about Rs. 70 crores. Cars waiting for delivery to its customers were more than one lakh units that may take more than five months to begin delivery due to lockout.
As company manufactures market demanded key models Swift hatchback and Dzire sedan faces a huge backlog. Maruthi Suzuki competitors like Ford, Skoda and Hyundai get benefited in the market as many people shift to other brands in the view of long waiting period for delivery of cars from Maruthi Suzuki.
There are four distinct generations working side-by-side in the workplace: traditionalist (1922-1945), baby boomer (1946-1964), generation x (1965-1980), and generation y (1981-2000). Research shows that people communicate based on their generational backgrounds. Understanding each generation may help reduce confrontations and misunderstandings, resulting in happier, more productive workers.