Career Management Introduction
Career: Career can be defined as a general course of action a person chooses to pursue throughout his or her working life.
We may define career as the "occupational positions a person has had over many years." Many people look back on their careers, knowing that what they might have achieved they did achieve, and that their career goals were satisfied. Others are less fortunate and feel that, at least in their careers, their lives and their potential went unfulfilled. Employers have a big effect on employees’ careers. Some institute formal career management processes, while others do little.
We can define career management as a process for enabling employees to better understand and develop their career skills and interests and to use these skills and interests most effectively both within the company and after they leave the firm. Specific career management activities might include providing realistic career-oriented appraisals, posting open jobs, and offering formal career development activities. Career development is the lifelong series of activities (such as workshops) that contribute to a person's career exploration, establishment, success, and fulfilment.
Career planning is the deliberate process through which someone becomes aware of his or her personal skills, interests, knowledge, motivations, and other characteristics; acquires information about opportunities and choices; identifies career-related goals; and establishes action plans to attain specific goals.
Career Management is the combination of structured planning and the active management choice of one's own professional career.
"Lifelong, self-monitored process of career planning that involves choosing and setting personal goals, and formulating strategies for achieving them". ----businessdictionary.com
Career management as a process for enabling employees to better understand and develop their career skills and interests, and to use these skills and interests most effectively both within the company and after they leave the firm.
How Career Management Benefits to the organisation?
Well-planned and executed career programmes will benefit both the organisation and the employees in a number of ways. These include the following:
Effective career management will help ensure a continuous supply of professional, technical and managerial talent so that future organisational goals may be achieved.
Staffing from within.
Because of the many potential advantages of promotion from within, most organisations like to promote employees when positions become available. But recruitment from within requires a strong career management programme to guarantee that employees can perform effectively in their new jobs. Promoting employees before they are ready to assume their new jobs will result in unsatisfactory performance, as predicted by the Peter Principle.
Peter Principle: Observation that in an hierarchy people tend to rise to "their level of incompetence." Thus, as people are promoted, they become progressively less-effective because good performance in one job does not guaranty similar performance in another. Named after the Canadian researcher Dr. Laurence J. Peter (1910-90) who popularized this observation in his 1969 book 'The Peter Principle.'
Solving staffing problems.
Certain staffing problems may be remedied through effective career management. First, a high rate of employee turnover may be caused, at least in part, by a feeling that little opportunity exists within the organisation. Second, recruiting new employees may be easier if applicants realise that the company develops its employees and provides career opportunities.
Satisfying employee needs.
The current generation of employees are very different from those of generations past. Higher levels of education have raised career expectations. And many workers hold their employers responsible for providing opportunities so that those expectations may be realised.
Because progression along the career path is directly related to job performance, an employee is likely to be motivated to perform at peak levels so that career goals may be accomplished.
Guidelines demand fair and equitable recruiting, selection and placement policies and the elimination of discriminatory practices concerning promotions and career mobility- Many affirmative action programmes contain formal provisions to enhance the career mobility of women and other formerly excluded groups, including the development of career paths and the design of formal T&D activities.
Hobbies Are Good For Your Career
Lets get the definition of “hobby” right. My Oxford dictionary has this to say: favorite activity that a person does for pleasure and not as his regular business. So, sleeping might not fall in that category..:)
Everyone would agree that hobbies are generally good for our well-being but what many do not know is that they are actually beneficial for our careers.
How is it so?
1.Take away listening to music and watching TV which most urbanites consider their only “hobbies”, taking up an interest in something usually involves learning a new skill like baking, gardening, playing soccer or photography. By spending time to learn up new things, we put on our thinking cap, increase our learning curve and let our creative self take over. New found passion can be very exciting and such positive vibes can possibly spill over to our workplace. When new skills are being introduced in our office, we have a greater chance of being trained quickly.
2.Our skill or knowledge in the new activity increases over time and eventually you might find yourself good at it. When we discover we can be good at something other than what we are paid for, it builds our self-esteem. When confidence builds up, it helps in our overall self-image.
3.Hobbies are a good way to take our minds away from work responsibilities albeit temporarily. It’s the best stress reliever. Otherwise, the stress that builds up over time due to overwork will only leads to burnout and eventually, our career suffers. This reason alone should get us to get a hobby immediately.
4.Some hobbies allow us the opportunity to meet people of the same interest. We build new networks and this might lead us to new career opportunities. Now you see why so many businessmen pick up golfing.
5.Hobbies give the perception of a well-rounded being. Some recruiters are particularly concerned about hiring candidates that have a good work-life balance. Someone that has no other interest besides work might come across as boring or simply lazy.