What Is The Main Difference Between HR And Recruiter

Every business organization needs a human resource team to develop their product, promote it, and generally run the organization. Employee recruitment only happens once in a while in a business organization or whenever there’s a vacancy. While many people believe that an HR manager/personnel and a recruiter are the same people, this isn’t true. They are not the same people. The best way to describe both jobs about themselves is that the recruiter works directly under the HR manager and is a part of the HR team. It is also possible that the recruiter doesn’t work as a permanent staff of the company. In this case, the Human Resource department will hire the recruiter to recruit staff for the company.

However, there’s more to learn, and a significant question to answer is, what are the main differences between them? The Relationship between HR and Recruiter The relationship between the two important personnel in an organization (especially a big company) is crucial. Even though they have very different job functions, the relationship between them has to do with their roles in the organization (and this is a way to differentiate them too). The role of a recruiterThe recruiter has the responsibility of checking the specific positions within organizations that need to be filled. They have to work with hiring managers to do this. If the company is trying to replace a former staff, they have to research the past work, define the role, create a perfect job description, and put the word out about the opening on different platforms. To do this, they might have to attend college recruiting, career fairs, etc., as it’s how they can get people to fill the open positions.

As the source for candidates, they have to review different resumes for the right experience, skillset, cultural fit or addition, availability, etc. They decide the skillset that the team or position needs and find the best candidate to fit in. It is also part of their duty to hold initial interviews with the prospective employees and recommend the best ones to the hiring manager for further interviews.

  • The recruiter is also responsible for crafting an offer that is competitive based on the available market data to attract a good candidate. The role of the HR The HR personnel is responsible for handling the onboarding process once a candidate is hired. They also ensure that all the employees in a business organization are well engaged and perform to their optimum. Some of the responsibilities of the HR according to an article by term paper writing service include: Handle the development of the employees.

  • Ensure that the company can retain its employees.

  • Give the employee the opportunity for career growth.

  • Give meaningful recognition to high-performing employees.

  • Ensure that pay raises and bonuses are distributed fairly.

It is also part of the responsibilities of HR to identify areas where training is needed, whether for discussions affecting the company as a whole such as social justice programs and unconscious bias, or for specific roles in the company.

Also, HR is responsible for handling employee departure, whether involuntary or voluntary. This could be letting off consistent low performers, downsizing the company, or involving exit interviews.

HR also has a job of protecting the company and its employees by creating a workplace where compliance, respect, and fairness are core qualities.

Main Differences between HR and Recruiter

The differences between HR and recruiter is already laid bare in their roles and functions within an organization. However, for the sake of clarity, some of the significant differences between both are highlighted below.

1. The HR creates the job role, not the recruiter.

When there is a vacancy in the company, the management notifies the HR department. They receive the description of the job role from the team lead. In this sense, the recruiter has nothing to do with creating the job. When a vacancy arises, they are useful, and they are contacted by HR to help fill the opening.

2. Recruiters test the qualifications of a potential candidate, while HR allocates them to a role.

The recruiter receives the information on job vacancies from the Human Resource department and creates the prospective candidates’ recruitment and interview process. The recruitment team tests the candidates, their potential and qualifications and decides those who make it through to the next round of the recruitment process. In all of this, the only thing that the HR does is to inform the recruiter about the available job role or hire the recruiter (as the case may be).

3. Recruiters may be part-time or external employees only needed when there’s a post to fill:

Because companies are not always recruiting, there might be no need for the recruiter to work for the company full-time. So, they only work part-time or are contracted whenever there’s a vacancy or opening to fill in the company. This is very different from the HR department that is an integral part of the organization’s running of the organization and is in charge of hiring the recruiter and allocating tasks to them.

4. Interaction with employees happens at different stages.

How HR and recruiters interact with employees, and what stage they interact with is a major distinguishing factor. The interaction of the recruiter with an employee starts from when they identify the person as a prospective candidate, till the point they are hired. The recruiter interacts with them throughout the different stages of the interview and hiring process as a whole.

On the other hand, the HR department’s interaction with the person starts after the company hires them. Although they might be in charge of conducting the final phase of the interview, their primary interaction begins with the onboarding process. It then follows throughout the employee’s stay in the company.

5. HR handles promotions, appraisals, and employee growth within the organization.

The recruiter’s job ends once a candidate has been confirmed to fill the vacancy or job opening, and that’s where the main job of HR starts. From there, HR takes care of the candidate’s development and training, team allocations, appraisals, and conducts induction for them. So, the employee’s overall wellness from their onboarding till the time when they quit their role in that organization rests solely on the HR department.

6. The recruiter handles the job applicants’ database that the organization receives and only sends the shortlisted candidates to the HR department.

Recruiters might have several candidates’ applications to deal with before they even start the recruitment process at all. They might automate this process or do it manually, but they deal with job applicants’ whole database.

The recruiter has one task to accomplish depending on the database that a company’s HR department creates. This is to select the best candidate in the market and from the pile of applications they receive. Interviewing a candidate alone is a serious task that HR tends to leave to the recruiters completely.

Who Do Need Recruiter?

The straightforward answer to this is that you need both of them. However, it will also depend on factors such as the size of your company. Firstly, you have to be able to differentiate both roles in your company. The recruiter helps to attract the best talent to your company while HR sees to the development of the employees and makes sure that the company retains them. These two overlap in some ways, but they are different and should be treated as such.

This implies that you need both of them, ordinarily. However, this might only work (or be more effective) if you are a large organization. For small organizations, HR also tends to play the role of the recruiter. So, HR is in charge of putting out job postings and attracting the best talents while also seeing their personal and professional growth while they are at the company.

This begs the question of if one person can do both jobs?

The fact is, in most small businesses, one person does both jobs. However, it has to be HR doing the work of the recruiter. Due to the training that the HR personnel has and their degree in business, management, psychology, etc., they can do the recruiter's work. On the other hand, the recruiter can’t take on the job of HR.

It is all about the capacity of the company, though. If you can afford to have both roles distinctly, it’s better as this allows them both to thrive in their different specializations.


HR and recruiter may have some overlapping tasks, but overall, they are two different job roles. The recruiter undertakes all the process to bring in the candidate while the HR mostly comes into the fray either at the final stage of recruitment or after the candidate has been employed. Both roles are important to the success and growth of a company, and every company with the capacity for both needs them.

Author Bio

Jessica Chapman is a writing editor at assignment help UK from Chicago. She is into sport and politics, enjoys traveling. Find her on Facebook.