It is very difficult to give a precise definition of the term 'management'. Different scholars from different disciplines view and interpret management from their own angles. The economists consider management as a resource like land, labour, capital and organisation. The bureaucrats look upon it as a system of authority to achieve business goals. The sociologists consider managers as a part of the class elite in the society.
Management and leadership author Stephen Covey describes the Seven Habits model of management and leadership for personal and business growth. The Seven Habits are: be proactive, begin with the end in mind, put first things first, think win-win, seek first to understand and then to be understood, synergize, and learn from previous experience.
According to Harold Koontz, "Management is the art of getting things done through others and with formally organised groups."
According to F.W. Taylor, "Management is the art of knowing what you want to do and then seeing that they do it in the best and the cheapest may."
Frederick Winslow Taylor
(March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915)
According to George R. Terry, ''Management Is a distinct process consisting of planning, organising, actuating and controlling; utilising in each both science and art, and followed in order to accomplish pre-determined objectives."
George R Terry
(1877 - 1955)
Management is a multipurpose organ that manage a business and manages Managers and manages Workers and work.
Peter Ferdinand Drucker
(November 19, 1909 – November 11, 2005)
According to Peterson and Plowman, "Management may be defined as the process by means of which the purpose and objectives of a particular human group are determined, clarified and effectuated"
One popular definition is by Mary Parker Follett. Management, she says, is the "art of getting things done through people."
Mary Parker Follett
(3 September 1868 – 18 December 1933)