Labor Unions in USA



A trade union, trade union in British English or labor union in American English is an organization of workers that have come together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions at work place. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour contracts (collective bargaining) with employers. This may include the negotiation regarding wages, working rules, complaint procedures, rules governing recruitment and selection, Removal and promotion of workers, Employee benefits, workplace safety, Healthy and policies.


The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States of America. It was founded in the year 1886 by an alliance of the craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor (largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the 1880s) , a national labor association. Samuel Gompers (1850–1924) was elected president of the Federation at its founding convention and was reelected every year except one until his death. As the Knights of Labor faded away, AFL coalition gradually gained strength. In practice, AFL unions were important in the industrial cities, where they formed a central labor office to coordinate the actions of different AFL unions. Most strikes were assertions of jurisdiction, so that the plumbers, for example, used strikes to ensure that all major construction projects in the city used union plumbers. To win they needed the support of other unions, hence the need for AFL solidarity.

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is an independent federal agency that enforces the National Labor Relations Act. The NLRB oversees elections to determine whether employees want union representation. They also investigate and remedy charges of unfair labor practices by employers and unions.

A union representation election is authorized when a petition is filed and is supported by at least 30% of the affected employees. This support is shown through signature on authorization cards or the signing of a petition. In order for a union to win a representation election, the majority of the eligible employees must vote for representation.


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In U.S Labor union leader Peter J. McGuire initiated the first Labor Day celebration on September 5, 1882 in New York City. The first governmental recognition of Labor Day came through municipal ordinances passed in 1885. By 1894, twenty-eight states had recognized Labor Day as a holiday. President Grover Cleveland signed a bill making Labor Day an official national holiday in 1894.



Labor Unions in United States
  • (The American Federation of Labor - Congress of Industrial Organizations)
  • Air Line Pilots Association
  • Amalgamated Transit Union
  • American Federation of Government Employees
  • American Federation of Musicians
  • American Federation of School Administrators
  • American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees
  • American Federation of Teachers
  • American Federation of Television and Radio Artists
  • American Postal Workers Union
  • American Train Dispatchers Department
  • Associated Actors and Artistes of America
    • Actors' Equity Association
    • American Guild of Musical Artists
    • American Guild of Variety Artists
    • The Guild of Italian American Actors
    • Screen Actors Guild
  • Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union
  • Brotherhood of Railroad Signalmen
  • California Nurses Association/ National Nurses Organizing Committee
  • California School Employees Association
  • Communications Workers of America
  • Farm Labor Organizing Committee
  • Federation of Professional Athletes/National Football League Players Association
  • Glass, Molders, Pottery, Plastics and Allied Workers International Union
  • International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees
  • International Association of Bridge, Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing Iron Workers
  • International Association of Fire Fighters
  • International Association of Heat and Frost Insulators and Asbestos Workers
  • International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
  • International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers
  • International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
  • International Federation of Professional and Technical Engineers
  • International Guards Union of America
  • International Longshore and Warehouse Union
  • International Longshoremen's Association
  • International Plate Printers, Die Stampers and Engravers Union of North America
  • International Union of Allied Novelty and Production Workers
  • International Union of Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers
  • International Union of Elevator Constructors
  • International Union of Operating Engineers
  • International Union of Painters and Allied Trades
  • International Union of Police Associations
  • Laborers' International Union of North America
  • Marine Engineers Beneficial Association
  • National Football League Players Association
  • National Air Traffic Controllers Association
  • National Association of Letter Carriers
  • Office and Professional Employees International Union
  • Operative Plasterers' and Cement Masons' International Association
  • Seafarers International Union of North America
  • Sheet Metal Workers International Association
  • Transport Workers Union of America
  • UNITE HERE
  • United American Nurses
  • United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing, Pipefitting and Sprinkler Fitting Industry of the United States and Canada
  • United Automobile, Aerospace & Agricultural Implement Workers of America International Union
  • United Mine Workers of America
  • United Independent Technology Technicians of America
  • United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union
  • United Transportation Union
  • United Union of Roofers, Waterproofers and Allied Workers
  • Utility Workers Union of America
  • Writers Guild of America, East
CTW
  • (The Change to Win Federation)
  • International Brotherhood of Teamsters
  • Service Employees International Union
  • Workers United
  • United Farm Workers of America
  • United Food and Commercial Workers
Independent
  • Aircraft Mechanics Fraternal Association
  • Coalition of Graduate Employee Unions
  • Directors Guild of America
  • Dramatists Guild of America
  • Fraternal Order of Police
  • Independent Pilots Association
  • International Union of Journeymen and Allied Trades
  • International Union Security * Police * Fire Professionals of America
  • Jockeys' Guild
  • Major League Baseball Players Association
  • National Education Association
  • National Emergency Medical Services Association (NEMSA)
  • Programmers Guild
  • NHL Players Association
  • National Basketball Players Association
  • National Rural Letter Carriers Association
  • National Treasury Employees Union
  • National Weather Service Employees Organization
  • Patrolmen's Benevolent Association
  • Professional Lacrosse Players' Association
  • Stage Directors and Choreographers Society
  • United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America
  • United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America
  • United Independent Technology Technicians Of America
  • US Airline Pilots Association
  • World Umpires Association
  • Writers Guild of America, west
Union Reform Groups
  • Labor Notes
  • Short Circuits
  • Teamsters for a Democratic Union